What is open-heart valve disease?

The human valve is practically no different from the check valve in the pump system. It works by circulating blood in one direction, the bl...

The human valve is practically no different from the check valve in the pump system. It works by circulating blood in one direction, the blood will flow from the veins to the heart and out to the arteries but cannot flow in the opposite direction. Without the heart valve, the heart will not be able to push blood to feed the body because then the blood will circulate in two directions and when the heart valve is open, blood circulation becomes more difficult.

In order to know whether or not a heart valve is dangerous, you need to first understand it and the heart.

According to Mayoclinic, the heart has 4 valves that keep blood flowing in the right direction. These valves include:

2-leaf valve
3-leaf valve
Aortic valve
Lung artery valve
These valves have a "lid" that opens so blood flows through the heart chambers and closes to keep the blood from flowing back. Each valve usually has 3 caps, except the 2-leaf valve has 2 caps.

A valve opening is when the lid of the valve is not closed after blood has passed. It causes the rebound blood to cause stagnation on one side and deficiency on the other.

Opening your heart valve will make blood circulation more difficult.

In the early stages, the heart chamber tends to dilate to send more blood to the drug. This compensation mechanism makes patients with mild valve openings do not appear symptoms. But a severe open-heart valve may result in decreased blood flow. This can cause symptoms of congestive heart failure with symptoms such as:

Trouble breathing, especially when exertion or when lying up straight Legs swell or hold water elsewhere in the body.

Symptoms of heart valve openings
As the disease progresses in advanced stages, the person begins to show symptoms:

Dyspnea: The most common symptom is that the person feels short of breath. Especially for patients with pulmonary valve regurgitation, mitral valve regurgitation. When the person lies down, this sign will increase markedly.
Fatigue: Because the circulatory heart carries blood to feed the body, people with heart valves often feel tired. If overworked, the patient may faint.
Heart palpitations: Many people mistakenly believe that a fast heartbeat is a sign of uncontrolled tachycardia or arrhythmia. But in fact this may also be a symptom of early-stage mitral regurgitation.
In addition, patients also have some other symptoms such as dizziness, dizziness, swelling of the legs or ankles, coughing much at night ...

Some characteristics of each valve type are exposed:

Mitral valve stenosis: Patients often have difficulty breathing, become more tired and persistent dry cough due to blood stasis in the lungs.
Tricuspid valve openings: Mostly do not cause symptoms, when severe open can see floating neck veins, edema especially in the limbs caused by blood stasis in the veins
Aortic valve opening: When the valve is exposed, even if it is mild, the patient still experiences fatigue and severe chest pain, chest tightness, and fainting.
Pulmonary valve openings: There is almost no apparent sign until the valve is severely open with pulmonary hypertension or other valves.

Dangerous heart valve opening no longer depends on many factors such as the degree of openness, type of open valve, comorbidities, ... (Artwork)

To assess the extent of a valve leaking heart, it is classified into 4 levels from 1/4 to 4/4. If the gap of 2/4 or more is dangerous, the gap of 1/4 valve is not significant. Particularly for aortic valve opening 1/4 is more dangerous because this heart valve controls blood circulation from the heart to feed the whole body.

Thus, to assess the risk of heart valve openings no longer depends on many factors. For example, the type of open valve, degree of openness, size of the heart chamber, whether or not heart arrhythmia appears, other comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, etc.

How to treat open valve heart disease
Open-heart valve disease is a dangerous disease, causing great impacts on health. Therefore, if not detected early to take timely treatment measures can have serious consequences. Even threatening the lives of patients.

About the treatment of open-heart valve disease, depending on the stage of early or late detection of disease, the treatment method will be different:

If the disease is in a mild stage, surgery is not required, the doctor will guide the patient to adjust the diet and activities to live peacefully with the disease.
When the heart valve is seriously damaged with symptoms such as difficulty breathing, chest tightness, fatigue ...
It can lead to heart failure, and a specialist will recommend surgery to prevent the disease.
Need valve replacement surgery when the heart valve is too damaged:
Heart valve repair surgery: With open valves, the doctor will rely on the mechanism causing the opening to have different interventions such as cutting, suturing ...
This keeps the valves closed together.

Heart valve replacement surgery: When the damage to the heart valve is too severe, the heart valve repair surgery is no longer effective, it is necessary to remove the heart valve and replace it with an artificial heart valve. The valve used for replacement may be a mechanical valve or a biological valve depending on the doctor's prescription.

How to prevent a heart valve leak
People who have had a heart valve should pay attention to daily exercise such as walking. If you want to participate, you should consult your doctor.

Avoiding smoking and maintaining a healthy weight is also important for people with heart valves as well as for healthy people. Overweight and obesity are also a burden for the heart when contracting. Exercise every day, doing a moderate activity with a scientific diet.
Eat a light (low salt): Reduces water retention of the body, avoid hypertension and overworked heart.
Do not drink coffee: Coffee, alcohol will increase the phenomenon of arrhythmia in people with open heart valve disease. So you need to stay away from drinks that affect heart health.

Ms. Phoenix

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High Tech Brain: What is open-heart valve disease?
What is open-heart valve disease?
High Tech Brain
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